Archiving the internet

It’s mid-afternoon on a weekday and I’m at work. It’s a busy day, I’ve got a couple of research tasks on the go and then my internet slows to a crawl.
Trying to keep a little calm I ask around the team. Everyone’s experiencing the same issue, not a good sign.
tumblr_inline_mt28eumj891qz4rgp
I call IT and the worst is confirmed, the internet is down. ETA to fix is 3 hours.
…Bugger

More than 90 percent of my role is dependent upon a computer with an internet connection. Laws, commentary and cases are all online. Not only are they online but they are just as authorised as the print, and so from a business (and a librarian’s) perspective it makes sense to maintain an online collection rather than a hardcopy one. This is for various reasons, primarily because an online collection doesn’t get lost as easily as a hardcopy one and more than one person can access it at a time.

So much of our work and daily lives is online. All my work correspondence is online. Like a lot of other industry/professional publications this post is only published online. But when I look to create my Throwback Thursday for the Australian Law Librarians Association NSW blog I don’t look to the internet to see the relevant issues of 10, 15 or 20 years ago. I don’t look to the internet but the shelves. In 20 years time where am I going to look for the Throwbacks? We can easily work to ensure the future accessibility of a physical collection but what do you do for the online collection? What do we as a profession do for the online collection? Not the subscription content but all that stuff that we create, the blogs, the tweets, the journal articles, the slideshares, the videos.
belle-book-shelving
This post is about the permanence of internet content; current projects to create historical snapshots of the web, and the way we as online content creators and administrators can work to ensure the our content is as stable and as permanent as possible.

Wayback Machine – The Internet Archive

The most well-known project is the Internet Archives Wayback Machine. I know this sounds more than a bit nerdy but I think the Wayback Machine is a project of absolute brilliance. I utilise this free product on a weekly, if not, daily basis. The Wayback Machine is beautiful in its simplicity. All you have to do is Insert the url of the website, click go, and it will show you how many point in time snapshots have been made of the site, and you can access them. The comprehensiveness of this project varies. However, you can often obtain access to historical versions of individual pages and also sub-sites and documents.

Whilst the Wayback Machine is the flagship project of the Internet Archive team, the project beginning in 1996, it is not the only project from the Internet Archive team. The not for profit organisation also has collections of texts, audio, moving images, and software.

The Wayback Machine is the most well-known of initiatives but it is not the only one out there. Other free initiatives include:

Pandora http://pandora.nla.gov.au/overview.html – developed by the National Library of Australia and partners
The Internet Memory Foundation http://internetmemory.org/ – a not for profit foundation.
A range of other web archive initiatives are available on that great example of crowdsourcing Wikipedia

One thing I would like to highlight is that these types of projects are not just limited to the information enthusiast, libraries, not for profit and information professionals. A number of companies have recognised the economic opportunity that capturing the internet holds. As an example Web Preserver (http://webpreserver.com/) has capitalised on the internet as the point of activity to provide authoritative point-in-time monitoring of online content to be used in litigation.

How we can help

Think to the future – produce and maintain stable websites with links compliant with archiving standards.
Say no to robots.txt
The Internet Archive and other like projects employ crawler software to capture pages. Employing a robot text exclusion protocol (or robots.txt) prevents the page from being captured so don’t use it. Whilst robots.txt is regarded as a security technique it’s effectiveness as such is questionable.
Version control.
Consider how you are capturing and storing versions of your online services. Should you be capturing versions? This versioning can have many advantages, including enabling you to easily show the progress and development of your online services to key stakeholders and decision makers, but to also save your bacon in the event of a server crash. Losing all of your online content becomes less of a headache when you can quickly reinstate a previous version
Don’t over invest in a particular product or if you do, have a plan B.
Nothing is permanent so don’t over invest in a single information product, it will only end in tears.

 

On the Silver Screen: Movie Making in Libraries

Librarians and other members of the library and information profession do on occasion grace the silver screen. Honorable mentions include:
  • Katherine Hepburn’s character Bunny Watson in the 1956 classic Desk Set;
  • Rachel Weisz’s portrayal of a Librarian in The Mummy;
  • Noah Wyle’s so bad it’s good performance in the Librarian Trilogy; and last but by no means least, the Librarian ghost terrorizing the stacks in Ghostbusters.

Whilst I could keep going, this post isn’t about recommendations for the next Movie’s@The Library Night. Rather its about pocket-sized movie making on zero budget. Whether it’s an imaginative animation, an homage to film noir, movie making courses or activities at the Library, or just recording those life moments this post is about creating the best possible movie on zero budget. Well, zero budget – after the initial outlay for a smartphone.

giphy

Thanks to the high quality cameras and increased storage on smartphones and mobile devices the results aren’t half bad. In fact, often they can be really great! There are some limitations – the megapixels on the camera and the storage capacity on your phone can impact the quality of your videos. But for smartphones made in the last 3-5 years often a poor quality video is the fault of the soft tissue operating the camera rather than the camera itself. To make sure that you aren’t the thing getting in the way of your achieving high quality videos here are some simple techniques to help you get the best video quality from your smartphone:
  • Ban the zoom! This tip comes from PocketFilmaker. The zoom on your phone works to increase the size of the pixels not to move the camera. This can be fine if you are taking a picture. However, for movies the zoom is terrible and has a cataclysmic effect on the quality of the picture. Whilst this poor quality may not be really obvious on a phone it’s glaringly obvious when you move to a bigger screen. If you want to zoom in on anything move towards the object, don’t use the zoom. The PocketFilmaker has 5 other tips for filming here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oljt8IU0Npk
  • Use a tripod. Looking for that non-jerking image? You need to use a tripod, but remember I didn’t say anything about selfie sticks. Tripod yes. Selfie stick no.
  • Walk around – whether it’s for a home video or your latest movie project be sure that you move around. Make the video interesting by changing the perspective. Sure, use a wide shot to provide perspective but always move in on an interesting element. Your audience will lose interest if all your whole video is a big wide shot.
  • Plan your movie – For the budding Wes Andersons out there, there’s a great little (free) app to help you plan out your sets called Celtx Shots (https://itunes.apple.com/au/app/celtx-shots/id467370902?mt=8 ). Available on iOS devices (sorry Android users) the app helps you to create multi sequence storyboards as well as plan out camera and lighting set ups.
  • Thinking about stop motion animation? If you are thinking about doing a stop motion animation consider having a computer handy. That bigger screen can help you pick up any continuity issues before it becomes really hard to recreate that shot.

To help you get started with your Library’s or personal movie studio here are some free movie related apps that aren’t too buggy:

Cute Cut
Compatible with: iOS
What’s it do? Movie editing
Available from: http://cutecut.mobivio.com/

VidTrim – Video Editor
Compatible with: Android
What’s it do? Movie editing
Available from: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.goseet.VidTrim&hl=en

Splice
Compatible with: iOS
What’s it do? Movie editing
Available from: https://itunes.apple.com/au/app/splice-video-editor/id409838725?mt=8

Garage Band
Compatible with: iOS
What’s it do? Audio/music creation and editing
Available from: http://www.apple.com/au/ios/garageband/

MusicMaker Jam
Compatible with: Android
What’s it do? Audio/music creation and editing
Available from: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.magix.android.mmjam&hl=en

So you’ve made your video, edited it to perfection and added the perfect backing track. What now? Well not your share. There are a couple of different options when it comes to sharing your video. Thinking of it as a ‘scale of sharing’ you can either share it with the world and become the next Vlogbrothers or share your video with your friends and family. With a high quality video email has become a non-option for sharing video with friends and family (if it ever really was an option). Going from the scale of most secure to Kardashian here are a couple of options for sharing your video:

Options for the sharers
Dropbox – share a link to your video with others via Dropbox. This link can be on-shared by the recipients. However, ultimately it is you that has the control for the simple reason that if you remove the video the link won’t work.

Youtube public account – private video. If you have a Youtube account you get a channel to upload and share your videos with the world. This isn’t the only option however. What you can also do is restrict access to your video to only those with a link.

Options for the broadcasters
You can never really go past Youtube when it comes to sharing your video. If your video is more a 30 second grab your video is more suited for Vimeo and Vine.

Open Environment

bg11ylv

Open sesame

Open up

Open sandwich

Open source

Open government

Open access

Open content

Open license

Open education

Open data

There are a lot of different ‘opens’ out there. I’ve touched on a few of the opens in previous posts but in this post I want to provide a bit of an overview of who’s who in the open zoo and some of the great programs, tools and initiatives out there.

I’ll start with the one you’ve all heard about…

Open access
You can have open access to many different things but in the context of information, open access means access to scholarly and academic materials.

Peter Suber in his book Open Access defines open access as follows:

“Open access (OA) literature is digital, online, free of charge and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions”
His whole book is available on the Internet Archive at

https://archive.org/details/9780262517638OpenAccess

The concept of OA is fairly simple but the mindset it seeks to shift is a significant one not only to the research and academic community. Put very simply the ‘traditional’ publishing model is that an academic, researcher or scientist is paid by an institution or company to commit their time to a particular endeavor. This time and work generally results in a finding, which is then published in a journal. This journal charges a lot of money for access despite the fact that 99% of the time the author hasn’t been paid nor have the reviewers. A cost is imposed which prevents access to research to those without the office budget or personal means to pay for the material. OA is about the cost but when it comes to academic content this cost has significant implications, as Suber notes:
“A price tag is a significant access barrier. Most works with price tags are individually affordable. But when a scholar needs to read or consult hundreds of works for one research project, or when a library must provide access for thousands of faculty and students working on tens of thousands of topics, and when the volume of new work grows explosively every year, price barriers become insurmountable. The resulting access gaps harm authors by limiting their audience and impact, harm readers by limiting what they can retrieve and read, and thereby harm research from both directions. OA removes price barriers.“

The impact of this barrier has been recognized by a number of institutions and individuals internationally. The result? A number of fantastic open access journals and repositories, obviously. I’ve listed a few open access repositories here but this list is by no means complete:

Open data
I briefly touched upon open data sets in a previous article on big data <http://www.informedlibrarian.com/BitofBytes.cfm?FILE=bb1412.html > and since their awesomeness hasn’t changed here they are again.
Google has a range of data sets available via a public directory <http://www.google.com/publicdata/directory>. Big data is big picture – you can look at the each countries technological readiness and use of ICTs with the Global Competitiveness Report or compare countries forecast population growth with the International Monetary Fund data set.
Hadoop Illuminated includes a list of public Big Data sets to give you an idea of the type of information available and what working with big data looks like. These are available here:
http://hadoopilluminated.com/hadoop_book/Public_Bigdata_Sets.html

 

Open source
Whether you buy a software program on the internet or in a store when you get around to installing that program you will be required to agree to a number of terms and conditions. One of these terms is generally along the lines of don’t mess with the source code.
You are limited in the way you use the program. Even if you have the skill and inclination to develop the program or fix a bug you cannot. With open source the restriction isn’t there. The source is open to users and developers alike to fix bugs as well as enhance the program.

There are a number of great open source programs out there. Ones I want to draw particular attention to are the open source online training programs available. There are a range of open source learning management systems out there including:

Open license
There’s a common misconception that ‘open’ means that you lose all rights as an author or creator. This isn’t the case. Open licenses provide the creator/owner the opportunity to set how their works can be used. These rights and permissions dramatically expand upon the rights and permissions of information consumers.Creative Commons provides a range of open licenses for different creations. Generally the licenses can be split into different combinations of the following elements:
  • Use – Can the material be used for non-commercial or commercial purposes?
  • Attribution – Does the author/creator need to attributed to the author?
  • Derivative works – Can works be made which are derived from the creative work?
  • Sharing the love – Share alike requires that any derivative work must be produced under the same creative commons license
The above is a bit of an overview and the licenses are a bit more complex than this. If you’d like more information on the licenses check out <http://creativecommons.org/licenses/>A Public Service Announcement
All these open tools are fantastic resources that you can use to create better services for your users or just make your library life better. Making and keeping these tools and resources free requires support from the public so please consider supporting (monetarily or otherwise) those tools that ask for it.

 

My final Bit of Bytes column – Advance copy

Bleep, Blop, Bloop – Trends in tech language

For my final Bit of Bytes column I’m going to take a trip down technology memory lane. Be it good or bad we all know the impact technology has had on society. With this column I want to put under the microscope how technology has changed how we communicate, particularly the language we use.

giphy1

Some elements of communication have been relatively unaffected by technology. Yes the business letter is less common however the language and tone has simply relocated to email. It hasn’t really been displaced. Throughout history, and through to today, there has been technology that impacts significantly upon how we communicate.

Morse code

-.. . …- . .-.. — .–. . -.. / -… -.– / … .- — ..- . .-.. / ..-. .-.-.- -… / — — .-. … . / .. -. / – …. . / .—- —.. …– —– … –..– / — — .-. … . / -.-. — -.. . / .– .- … / -.. . …- . .-.. — .–. . -.. / .- … / .- / -.-. — -.. .. ..-. .. . -.. / — . -.-. …. .- -. .. … — / ..-. — .-. / – .-. .- -. … — .. – – .. -. –. / .- -. -.. / .-. . -.-. . .. …- .. -. –. / -. .- – ..- .-. .- .-.. / .-.. .- -. –. ..- .- –. . / .- -.-. .-. — … … / – …. . / – . .-.. . –. .-. .- .–. …. / … -.– … – . — .-.-.-

— …- . .-. / – .. — . / — — .-. … . / -.-. — -.. . / …. .- … / -.. . …- . .-.. — .–. . -.. / .- -. -.. / . …- — .-.. …- . -.. / .. -. – — / .- -. / .. -. – . .-. -. .- – .. — -. .- .-.. / — — .-. … . / -.-. — -.. . –..– / .- …- .- .. .-.. .- -… .-.. . / .- – / …. – – .–. —… -..-. -..-. .– .– .– .-.-.- .. – ..- .-.-.- .. -. – -..-. .-. . -.-. -..-. .-. -….- .-. . -.-. -….- — .-.-.- .—- -…. –… –… -….- .—- -….- ..— —– —– —-. .—- —– -….- .. -..-. .-.-.- / .– …. .. .-.. … – / .– . / – …. .. -. -.- / — ..-. / — — .-. … . / -.-. — -.. . / .- … / .- / -.. . .- -.. / .-.. .- -. –. ..- .- –. . / .. – … / -. — – / –.- ..- .. – . / – …. . .-. . / -.– . – .-.-.- / — — .-. … . / -.-. — -.. . / .. … / … – .. .-.. .-.. / .–. — .–. ..- .-.. .- .-. / .- — — -. –. / .-. .- -.. .. — / . -. – …. ..- … .. .- … – … / .- -. -.. / .. … / -… . .-.. .. . …- . -.. / – — / … – .. .-.. .-.. / -… . / – .- ..- –. …. – / – — / — . — -… . .-. … / — ..-. / – …. . / -.. . ..-. . -. -.-. . / ..-. — .-. -.-. . … / -… . -.-. .- ..- … . / — ..-. / .. – … / … .. — .–. .-.. .. -.-. .. – -.– / .- -. -.. / .- -.. .- .–. – .- -… .. .-.. .. – -.– / .. -. / . — . .-. –. . -. -.-. -.– / … .. – ..- .- – .. — -. … .-.-.-

Want to read that bit? Decode it at http://www.unit-conversion.info/texttools/morse-code/

Telegram

Morse code and the telegram are intimately linked but after reading up on the language of the telegram I couldn’t stop. (Hehe get it?)

The telegram forced users to the economical with their communication. With a charge per word the saying a penny for your thoughts had to be taken seriously.

In an ironically wordy guide, Nelson E Ross’ 1928 booklet on how to write telegrams provides guidance on the importance of economical telegrams:

“Naturally, there is a right way and a wrong way of wording telegrams. The right way is economical, the wrong way, wasteful. If the telegram is packed full of unnecessary words, words which might be omitted without impairing the sense of the message, the sender has been guilty of economic waste. Not only has he failed to add anything to his message, but he has slowed it up by increasing the time necessary to transmit it. He added to the volume of traffic from a personal and financial point of view, he has been wasteful because he has spent more for his telegram than was necessary. In the other extreme, he may have omitted words necessary to the sense, thus sacrificing clearness in his eagerness to save a few cents….when you think of telegraphing someone to “reply at once,” you may very well save the cost of an unnecessary word and write it, “reply immediately,” or “reply quickly.” ”

The complete booklet has been transcribed and is available at http://www.telegraph-office.com/pages/telegram.html

Text language

With most smart phones now having a qwerty keyboard theres no real excuse for poorly worded text messages (other than general laziness). This wasn’t always the case. Back in my day communicating was done with 9 keys. Selfies hadn’t been invented yet, Snake was the game of choice and the Nokia unleashed the Mjölnir that was the 3310.

Texting at ‘At the Library’ meant you needed to type: 280844330555444227772777999 subsequently shortcuts were necessary and popular. Some have survived the test of time such as brb, bff and btw but others have not been so lucky like B4N (bye for now) and FWIW (for what its worth).These days the issue isn’t so much pressing the same keys all the time but cucumber popsicle danger…auto correct.

 

Emoji’s and the ‘like

When it comes to the emoji and the ‘like’ I’m moving away from the informative into the rant.

Emoji’s are daft. There is never an okay reason to communicate with someone by way of a poo with eyes or two women with bunny ears. It’s daft, annoying and horrid. Some emoji users are touting them as the next universal language but if that’s the case I want off this rock.

The ‘like’ is just as bad as the emoji. It’s the saviour of the lazy social media user. You don’t want to really say anything in response to someone but you want to let them know you’ve read it. We all know this, I’ve done it, you’ve done it, we’ve all done it and it needs to stop. No more communication short cuts. 

Okay so I don’t necessarily like the ‘like’ but I have very much enjoyed writing this column. Thanks to everyone who read it.

ttfn*

 

*Ta ta for now

 

Industrial Revolution 2.0 – the rise of the 3D printer

“Creating life at the speed of light is part of a new industrial revolution. Manufacturing will shift from centralised factories to a distributed, domestic manufacturing future, thanks to the rise of 3D printer technology.” – Craig Venter

There are many libraries that have been lucky enough to have 3D printers in their midst and maker spaces for a long time. If you’re part of one of those libraries this post may not be for you rather it’s for those who, like me, have watched and read in awe about these fantastic and exciting devices.

With this post I’m is going to try to take away some of the mystery around 3D printers, how they work, their capabilities, how hard it is to make something with one, and what you need to know to make them work.

What is 3D printing?
3D printing creates three-dimensional objects from computer files. These objects can be made out of anything that you can think of– plastics, metal or even food. The intricacy and detail of the object is contingent upon the design and computer skills of the creator. Technological luddites need not apply.

3D printing works by splitting the three dimensional image into hundreds and thousands of micron thin layers, these layers are printed on top of one another until the object is complete. A form of additive manufacturing, through 3D printing you can create a single object or design something with multiple set parts which you put together.

In their book Additive Manufacturing Technologies: Rapid Prototyping to Direct Digital Manufacturing Ian Gibson, David W. Rosen and Brent Stucker identified the 8 core steps of additive manufacturing, and by default 3D printing;

  1. Develop a CAD drawing of the model/object you want to create
  2. Convert the CAD to a standard tessellation language (STL) formatted file
  3. Copy the STL file into the computer operating the 3D printer.
  4. Set up the 3D printer
  5. Print the model – depending on the size and materials used this can take hours or days
  6. Remove the printed object and check for errors
  7. Postprocessing – this is basically cleaning up the object so that it is ready to use.
  8. Use it!
Creating the file to build the robot
In order to make a 3D printable object you need to create the object as a computer aided design (CAD) file.

This can be built from scratch or by using a 3D scanner. A 3D scanner takes a three-dimensional image of the object which is then converted into a digital file. So if you wanted to create something using a 3D printer you could make a physical prototype and use a 3D scanner or make a digital prototype using CAD software.

Once you get your head around CAD software, and you are feeling adventurous, you could also try out its other uses: creating animation, houses, airplanes, cars – but I don’t recommend the last three unless you have the qualifications.

What opportunities do 3D printing present?
With every new technology there tends to be a polarised response within society – those who fear it and those who embrace it. Now we have had Chicken Little running around for a while saying that 3D printing is dangerous thanks to the capability for individuals to create weapons. This is a concern, however, I don’t think that the abhorrently wrong actions of the few should outweigh the opportunity that 3D printing presents for the many.

With its infinite potential 3D printing has the capacity to create unique and bespoke objects on demand. This on demand business model has been adopted by companies such as Shapeways. Shapeways allows designers and creators to upload 3D printable designs which anyone can then buy. Printed on demand in the material, colour and size you chose, Shapeways is a very unique merchandise company – it has no inventory, and as such, it doesn’t need to limit the products available for purchase, rotate stock according to seasons, or limit what is available to only that which is bought by a hundred people.

3D printing can also enable objects to be available in remote locations, like space. In December last year, NASA printed a ratchet wrench in space. Still in its testing stage, 3D printing presents an amazing opportunity for NASA to create science equipment in space as it is required rather than launch the resources there. To make this story even cooler NASA has released its 3D files, including the wrench, so anyone can make a space wrench. The open source files are available at http://nasa3d.arc.nasa.gov/models/printable

Sources:
http://computer.howstuffworks.com/3-d-printing.htm
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Computer-aided_design
http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/research/news/3Dratchet_wrench

Web accessibility

I know it’s there!
I can see it….sort of
But I can’t get to it!
Is this frustrating? You bet your sweet potato it is!
As library and information professionals we are by nature information hippies.
We want to share the information love. Free information is our mantra and Library Week is our yearly Woodstock.However when it comes to online information, the way we design and build our resources may inadvertently make us the opposite. The architecture and design of our online information resources can have a significant impact upon its accessibility, with the worst case scenario that it is entirely inaccessible to users. As we are modern information professionals, not the sssh-ing gatekeepers of yester-year, this needs to stop! (However, as a side note, I wholeheartedly encourage the traditional love of cardigans to remain.)

There are some key things you can do to ensure that your content is accessible to ALL of your users. To throw another piece of information-hippy-speak I want us all to make information love not war.

Web accessibility, what it is and why it’s important
“Web accessibility is an approach to web design that aims for maximum inclusion, both in terms of people who use web sites, and the technologies that are utilised in the process.”(1) Given the prominence of the online realm in all aspects of society, ensuring that content is accessible to everyone is vitally important. Not being able to access information because of a disability is not only frustrating it also serves to further the information divide.

The primary developer of web accessibility standards and guidelines is The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). Led by the inventor of the Internet, Tim Berners-Lee and W3C CEO, Jeffrey Jaffe, the organization has developed standards (or recommendations) with respect to:

• Accessibility of web content
• Accessibility of authoring tools, and
• User agent accessibility
Under the guiding principle: “Web for all, Web on everything”(2), W3C developed web accessibility guidelines back in 2005. The standards, now known as WCAG 2.0, were adopted into the international standard ISO/IEC 40500:2012 and work to provide content developers with the knowledge and tools to ensure content produced is accessible to all web users.When it comes to ensuring that information has been accessible governments have been leading the way by implementing and promoting web accessibility principles. Enforcing compliance by government departments and bodies has been led in part by the prevalence of the online realm as a communication tool and, to drop a bit of a truth bomb, the cost of maintaining online content is significantly cheaper than the costs of the ‘old school’ pamphlet or brochure. However, the standards aren’t just for governments or large organisations. Accessibility should be addressed by all content creators! Everyone! As the guidelines themselves note, by complying with WCAG 2.0 you will make content accessible to a wide range of types of disabilities, including:

• Blindness and low vision
• Deafness and hearing loss
• Learning disabilities
• Cognitive limitations
• Limited movement
• Speech disabilities
• Photosensitivity, and

• Combinations of these (3)

Key elements of web accessibility
So what at the actual guidelines? All the W3C Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0 are available at http://www.w3.org/TR/WCAG20/ .

Before you attack the guidelines and get your accessibility on, heres an overview of the guidelines.

The guidelines operate with four overarching goals – to make information:

• Perceivable,
• Operable,
• Understandable, and

• Robust

Now these are broad overarching goals. To guide you along the path to web accessibility under every principle there are guidelines. These guidelines are followed by more specific (and tangible) success criteria including techniques for compliance. This success criteria is graded – at what is sufficient (good) or advisory (best).

1. Perceivable
Perceivability is about ensuring that users of all abilities are able to digest the information presented. This guideline focuses upon making video, audio, images and any other non-text media accessible to all users. There are two key ways that you can do this:
– By providing alternate text, captioning, and transcripts, you can make the content accessible to all users irrespective of their ability.

– By providing controls to users such as text resizing, audio control, customizable visual presentation including text, background colour etc.

2. Operable
Operability is about ensuring user interface components and that navigation features are accessible to all users. Operability is about ensuring that:
– The page can be navigated through the keyboard
– No images and videos on the page are capable of inducing seizures

– Any videos or interactive activities allow sufficient opportunities for people with any disability to be able to read/digest the information.

3. Understandable
A key requirement of all online content is that it is understandable by all users.
– The content must be readable, with content able to be easily translated into the language of the user by common translation software in internet browsers, Babel Fish or Google Translate
– The layout and structure of the pages is predictable, with consistent navigation and structure
– The content identifies any errors and helps the user to correct them e.g, required fields in forms
4. Robust

The content must be capable of being read and interpreted by a range of future assistive technologies.

There is also additional guidance to help you comply with the guidelines on the w3c website at http://www.w3.org/TR/WCAG20/

I solemnly swear
After reading post on web accessibility I, [awesome Informed Librarian] solemnly swear to:

Not to put those horrid ‘prove your human’ tests on anything I create ever!
To put helpful alternative text in my images, not just annoying words like “Image 1” or IYGHBLHJ

To create online content that is to the best of my abilities and technological limitations compliant with WC3 guidelines
__________________

(1) Dey Alexander, How accessible are Australian University websites? < http://ausweb.scu.edu.au/aw03/papers/alexander3/paper.html&gt; as at 13 May 2015.
(2) W3C Consortium, About W3C (2015) <http://www.w3.org/Consortium/&gt; as at 11 May 2015.
(3) W3C Consortium, Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0 < http://www.w3.org/TR/WCAG20/&gt; as at 14 May 2015.

Getting your name out there – presentation slides

In late July I had the privilege of attending and presenting at the amazing conference that is the 7th New Librarians Symposium, or NLS7 for short.

After a bit of a relax, lots of sleep and a few good books I’m now in the process of converting my presentation into a blog post and to putting my experience of the conference into understandable sentences – so stay tuned.

In the interim, here’s my slides. I’ve also included all the Twitter action from my presentation at http://storify.com/Curious_Meow/the-tweet-action-from-my-session-at-nls7